Table 2. Immigrant Gateways: Change in Foreign-Born Population by Decade, 1980 to 2006
Percent change Numerical change Total foreign born
1980-1990 1990-2000 2000-2006 1980-1990 1990-2000 2000-2006 2006
Emerging
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 145.2 262.1 56.7 69,438 307,266 240,778 665,297
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 154.1 146.2 37.7 192,820 465,018 295,557 1,078,552
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 100.6 252.3 56.1 35,269 177,418 139,105 386,856
Orlando, FL 120.1 140.3 62.4 44,775 115,077 123,042 320,161
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 86.9 182.7 49.2 75,237 295,653 225,304 682,787
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 91.2 69.8 28.2 232,844 341,027 233,723 1,063,033
Total 110.7 137.5 42.8 650,383 1,701,459 1,257,509 4,196,686
Re-emerging
Denver-Aurora, CO* 25.1 186.3 32.9 16,406 152,352 77,053 311,174
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 22.9 138.8 34.1 16,396 122,251 71,673 71,697
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA 32.4 136.3 26.8 21,590 120,205 55,959 66,627
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 76.3 85.2 38.5 60,776 119,646 100,061 360,172
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 96.6 65.0 9.9 173,635 229,688 57,936 641,092
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 34.5 90.0 34.7 51,830 181,842 133,117 516,941
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 35.1 60.2 43.2 37,944 87,904 101,074 334,981
Total 52.5 92.2 28.2 378,577 1,013,888 596,873 2,302,684
Pre-emerging
Austin-Round Rock, TX 131.8 172.2 43.3 31,934 96,680 66,158 218,992
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC 64.0 305.7 59.0 8,847 69,313 54,279 146,269
Durham, NC 121.5 232.4 36.1 6,555 27,772 14,344 54,065
Greensboro-High Point, NC 57.6 342.0 38.1 3,077 28,787 14,185 51,390
Raleigh-Cary, NC 110.7 296.5 53.1 9,215 51,992 36,935 106,465
Salt Lake City, UT 19.6 183.5 26.0 5,605 62,835 25,264 122,343
Winston-Salem, NC 39.0 343.1 36.0 1,474 18,039 8,385 31,681
Total 74.5 227.5 42.9 66,707 355,418 219,550 731,205
TOTAL 21ST-CENTURY GATEWAYS 78.4 123.1 37.3 1,095,667 3,070,765 2,073,932 7,230,575
Former
Baltimore-Towson, MD 18.1 66.7 37.1 13,428 58,475 54,221 200,349
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY -24.7 -1.6 10.3 -17,136 -839 5,275 56,656
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH -22.5 14.9 7.5 -28,495 14,637 8,452 121,458
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI -16.8 43.3 12.2 -47,481 101,774 41,245 378,304
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI -7.5 50.9 24.5 -4,379 27,531 19,947 101,521
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE 4.2 44.7 28.7 11,003 121,012 112,488 504,317
Pittsburgh, PA -31.3 7.8 13.9 -26,581 4,530 8,738 71,516
St. Louis, MO-IL -8.1 64.3 33.4 -4,347 31,915 27,248 108,794
Total -10.3 39.6 21.9 -103,988 359,035 277,614 1,542,915
Continuous
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 22.4 40.8 17.4 78,189 174,538 104,524 706,586
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI 16.1 60.3 15.8 126,825 550,613 231,296 1,695,417
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA 25.5 41.5 9.4 695,197 1,421,909 457,948 5,304,270
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 52.9 44.8 9.6 269,373 349,238 107,815 1,235,778
Total 26.7 45.0 11.2 1,169,584 2,496,298 901,583 8,942,051
Post World War II
Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX 100.8 94.6 32.9 231,689 436,733 295,710 1,193,931
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 80.6 23.9 3.1 1,548,187 829,169 132,945 4,432,288
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL 57.2 49.0 15.3 428,745 576,858 268,707 2,023,711
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 167.2 69.8 46.7 225,652 251,709 285,876 898,235
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 82.0 41.4 13.2 193,217 177,444 79,863 686,117
Total 80.3 38.5 13.0 2,627,490 2,271,913 1,063,101 9,234,282
TOTAL ESTABLISHED AND FORMER GATEWAYS 42.7 41.5 12.8 3,693,086 5,127,246 2,242,298 19,719,248
TOTAL ALL GATEWAY TYPES 47.6 55.2 18.7 4,788,753 8,198,011 4,316,230 26,949,823
Note: 2003 metropolitan area definitions used for all years.
Source: Decennial census and American Community Survey, US Census Bureau.


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